Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. A country of immense cultural and biological diversity, it’s known for its beaches and coral reefs. Inland are active volcanoes, granite Mt. Wilhelm, dense rainforest and hiking routes like the Kokoda Trail. There are also traditional tribal villages, many with their own languages.
Papua New Guinea is located in Oceania in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Making up the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, the Papua New Guinea mainland is the center of most of the country's population and most of its cities.
New Guinea is a large island separated by the shallow Torres Strait from the rest of the Australian continent. It is the world's second-largest island, after Greenland, covering a land area of 785,753 km², and the largest island wholly or partly within the Southern Hemisphere and Oceania.
Papua New Guinea Tourist Destinations
Capital of Papua New Guinea
Port Moresby is the sprawling capital of Papua New Guinea, a country north of Australia. The vast anthropological collection at the PNG National Museum and Art Gallery includes masks and carved wooden poles. Nearby, Parliament House is modeled on a traditional house of worship. Its entrance is dominated by a large, colorful mosaic featuring national motifs. There are views over Port Moresby Harbour from Paga Hill. Port Moresby also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea
Township in New Britain, Papua New Guinea
Rabaul is a township in East New Britain province, on the island of New Britain, in the country of Papua New Guinea. It lies about 600 kilometres to the east of the island of New Guinea. Rabaul was the provincial capital and most important settlement in the province until it was destroyed in 1994 by falling ash from a volcanic eruption in its harbor. During the eruption ash was sent thousands of metres into the air, and the subsequent rain of ash caused 80% of the buildings in Rabaul to collapse. After the eruption the capital was moved to Kokopo, about 20 kilometres.
City in Papua New Guinea
Mount Hagen is the third largest city in Papua New Guinea, with a population of 46,250. It is the capital of the Western Highlands Province and is located in the large fertile Wahgi Valley in central mainland Papua New Guinea, at an elevation of 1,677 m. The Highlands Highway is the main arterial route to connect Mount Hagen with the coastal cities of Lae and Madang. The city is named after the old eroded volcano Mount Hagen, located about 24 kilometres to the north-west. The volcano was named after the German colonial officer Curt von Hagen
NG, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. A country of immense cultural and biological diversity, it’s known for its beaches and coral reefs. Inland are active volcanoes, granite Mt. Wilhelm, dense rainforest and hiking routes like the Kokoda Trail. There are also traditional tribal villages, many with their own languages.
Papua New Guinea is an island nation in Oceania. It may not be on many people’s bucket lists, but it is a small, beautiful country that may surprise you. The best time to go there is April through November because the very wet season occurs December through March. However, if you are interested in trekking in Papua New Guinea, the best time to do so is June through September. We would like to share a few essential details about Papua New Guinea so that you do not go there unprepared.
As to what you can see in Papua New Guinea, you can take your pick. We recommend that you visit the South New Guinea, where you will find the Kokoda Trail. It is 60 miles long and starts in Port Moresby. It used to be utilized by gold miners at the end of the 19th century, and this is the place where the Japanese tried to reach Port Moresby in World War II. If you want to take the hike along this trail, prepare for a 5-day hike, but the mountain ridges and the streams are worth it. You will come across fantastic scenery.
Goroka is the capital of the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. It is a town of approximately 19,000 people, 1600m above sea level. It has an airport and is on the "Highlands Highway", about 285 km from Lae in Morobe province and 90 km from the nearby town of Kainantu also in the Eastern Highlands. Other nearby towns include Kundiawa in Simbu Province and Mount Hagen in Western Highlands Province. It has a mild climate, known as a "perpetual Spring". It is the home of several national institutions: CRMF Christian Radio Missionary Fellowship, the PNG Institute of Medical Research, the National Film Institute, the Melanesian Institute, the Raun Raun Theatre Company and the University of Goroka. Several NGOs also have presences there, including Oxfam and Save the Children. The town's single largest hotel is the Bird of Paradise, owned by the Coral Seas Hotels chain. Coffee is a common cash crop in the area; smaller industries include trout farms, pigs, bee keeping and food gardens
The Highlands are also worth a visit. They comprise a long string of fertile land, separated by mountains. You will come across many tribal regions there, which is something you may find interesting. If you feel up for it, you can climb Mount Wilhelm, which is Papua New Guinea’s highest mountain. It reaches 14,880 feet high, but the climb is reasonably easy. You should allow yourself about 4 days to finish it because you will want to enjoy the sights along the way. You can hire a guide if you wish, they are quite cheap. Even so, the fact that you will get to see both the north and south coasts of Papua New Guinea will make the trip worth your while. And let’s not overlook the fact that the Wahgi River is one of the best places in the world where you can go white rafting.
If you want to check out the Northern Coast, you will come across beautiful things here as well. In Madang, you can go scuba diving at all skill levels. You will be able to admire some of the coral reefs, which are home to several species of very colorful fish. If you want to adventure further, you can see some Japanese plane wrecks that have been off the coast since World War II. If you go closer, you can see how their cargo and weapons are intact. Nature has been kind to them. While you are in the Madang area, you can trek along one of the active volcanoes in the area.
If you move a little to the west, you will reach Wewak. It is a gateway that leads to the Sepik River region. It has a unique culture, very different from the one in the Highlands. Here, you can enjoy a long canoe ride up the river.
Papua New Guinea also has three islands: New Britain, Bougainville, and Trobriand Islands. Each and every one of them has something to offer, so if you have some free time, you should check them out.
While Papua New Guinea has plenty to offer, we cannot stress enough the fact that this small island nation provides some of the best tropical reef diving in the entire world. You should not miss the opportunity to go scuba diving. Even if you have never done it before, you should learn and experience marine life in all its splendor.
Papua New Guinea is labeled a risky destination by many countries, and that is somewhat true. The low employment rate makes people fight for their meals, which is why we recommend that you take precautions before traveling there. One way of doing that is calling up the embassy and asking about risks.
The people in Papua New Guinea are incredible, especially those from villages. They are hospitable and friendly. They will go out of their way to help you. If you want to go somewhere specific, someone will take you there even if it means postponing personal needs. You do not have to ask. The locals will adopt you, so to speak.
We should mention that the tap water in Papua New Guinea is not safe to drink. You should also buy malaria medication, just to be on the safe side. Many villages have been treated for mosquitos, but you can never be too safe.
The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. "New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez. In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné. The name is one of several toponyms sharing similar etymologies, ultimately meaning "land of the blacks" or similar meanings, in reference to the dark skin of the inhabitants.